Punjabi Wedding or Anand Karaj a Blissful Union

Posted on Friday, December 06, 2019

India is the most culturally diverse country in the world. Punjab, a state in India which is now divided between India and Pakistan. Punjabis get married through a religious ceremony called Anand Karaj which means “Blissful Union".

In the Anand Karaj ceremony, families and friends from both sides are actively involved. A Baraat from the groom’s side comes to the gurudwara and the bride’s family and friends welcome and greet them. Most of the families combine the wedding with the engagement ceremony "kurmai", which is held just before the laavan (wedding vows). Generally, Punjabi weddings take place in the morning and are completed before noon. After the completion of the ceremony, Langar (formal lunch) is organised.

The history of this marriage ceremony is traced back to the time of the Third Sikh Guru - Amar Das.

Some facts about the Anand Karaj Punjabi Wedding


  • Marriage is considered as bonding of equals. Therefore, caste, social status, race or lineage are not considered. Also, no dowry is allowed.
  • Astrological considerations and superstitious beliefs have no room when it comes to fixing the date of the wedding.
  • Anand Karaj can only take place in a Gurudwara according to a verdict of the Sri Akal Takht Sahib. An Amritdhari (baptized) Sikh may only perform the marriage ceremony.
  • The expenditure of the wedding must be shared between the two sides as equally as possible.
  • Karaj received the first legal sanction through the Anand Marriage Act, which was finally adopted in 1909.

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